A FEW OTHER EVENTS FOR
- It is the birthday of English poet John Byrom (1692â€“1763) and Dee Brown (1908â€“2002), Bury My Heart at Wounded Knee.
- In 46 B.C., the first Leap Day was proclaimed by Julius Caesar.
- In 1796, George Washington proclaimed that the Jay Treaty was in effect. Read George Washingtonâ€™s Teeth by Deborah Chandra and Madeleine Comora, illustrated by Brock Cole.
- In 1892, St. Petersburg, Florida, was incorporated. Read two great Florida books, Hoot by Carl Hiassen and Tangerine by Edward Bloor.
- In 1916, South Carolina raises the minimum working age from twelve to fourteen for factory, mill, and mine workers. Read Lyddie by Katherine Paterson.
- In 1972, Hank Aaron became the first baseball player to sign a contract for the amazing sum of $200,000 a year. Read Hank Aaronâ€™s Dream by Matt Tavares.
- In 1988 South African archbishop Desmond Tutu is arrested during a five-day anti-apartheid demonstration in Cape Town. Read Godâ€™s Dream by Desmond Tutu and Douglas Carlton Abrams, illustrated by LeUyen Pham.
- And on the last day of Chocolate Loverâ€™s Month and National Cherry Month, donâ€™t forget to celebrate.
The end of February can be brutal in New England. Certainly more than one inhabitant of the region has felt that powers of darkness have seized the barren land. And during the end of February 1692, the Reverend Samuel Parris and other ministers in Salem, Massachusetts, grilled two children, nine-year-old Betty Parris and her eleven-year-old cousin Abigail Williams, about the presence of truly malevolent spirits in the community. Consequently, on February 29, 1692, two Salem town magistrates filed an official complaint against three women accused of witchcraft and set in motion the infamous Salem Witchcraft Trials.
The claiming of innocent lives because of mass hysteria, the miscarriage of justice, and the fact that children and teenagers played key roles in the incident have all made the Salem Witchcraft Trials one of the most popular subjects in childrenâ€™s books over the years. In Sibert Honor Awardâ€“winner Witches: The Absolutely True Tale of Disaster in Salem, author and illustrator Rosalyn Schanzer adds something new to the discussion.
The book opens with cameo portraits of those accused of witchcraft and the people responsible for persecuting them. She provides background for the story, showing how early New England settlers, the Puritans, believed in witches, witchcraft, and the devil. Then she plays out the events of the storyâ€”the accusations, the trials, the deaths of innocent peopleâ€”in a dramatic way. While doing so, she gives background on the law and courts and the changing nature of allowable evidence under Massachusetts law.
One of the most poignant parts of the book actually comes at the end in sketches about what happened to people after the trial. In 1706, at the age of twenty-nine, Ann Putnam, one of the chief accusers, read the following statement: in her childhood she had been â€śan instrument for accusing severall persons of a grievous crime, whereby their lives were taken away. I now have good reason to believe they were innocent, and justly fear I have been instrumental with others, though unwittingly, to bring upon myself the guilt of innocent blood.â€ť As Witches! so brilliantly shows, inappropriate actions in childhood can cast a long shadow over a life.
The book makes a perfect introduction to the Salem Witch Trials for third through fifth graders who know little or nothing about these events. Although the book focuses on history, it can be used to introduce topics of slander, name calling, and bullyingâ€”for such were the weapons of the children of Salem Village. In a small, compact book Schanzer creates an exciting narrative and explores some of the reasons why things spun out of control in Salem Village so many years ago.
Hereâ€™s a page from Witches!:
Originally posted February 29, 2012. Updated for .